El Calafate, Ushuaia
Ushuaia, at the southern end of the planet
It is the southernmost city in the world. The fate of thousands of people around the world fantasize about visiting sometime. The capital of the island of Tierra del Fuego. And he was born in a prison.
The first inhabitants of this area, of course, were not Spanish. Were the ancient Yamana Indians. They were the ones who christened the area between the end of the Andes and the Beagle Channel as “Ushuaia”, ie the “bay that penetrates to the west”.
Then the Indians would be extinguished by the colonizers, and be long until there final settlement was located. And inmates crowded Buenos Aires would have a lot to do with that project. Is that in 1882, the then President Julio A. Rock, is a project of “Penal colony south of the Republic.”
The city was born to “ensure the sovereignty” is the head of tourism and has an airport, hotels and gastronomy. He went from being a quaint village of about 6,000 inhabitants in 1970 to have more than 60,000 souls today. This population explosion unparalleled in the country was due to the promotional regime decreed the national government and gave a special appearance in this city. Both, still has serious housing problems. And the unique social formation is as follows: half of the local population is between 15-40 years old and native Fuegians not exceed 10% of the total.
In Ushuaia you can make trips around town on foot or on a scenic bus, or take sailing trips on the Beagle Channel, or watch the end of the world from the air. And from there you can get to the Tierra del Fuego National Park, for trekking or just visit. In addition, the skier will find here as many winter resorts in Patagonia. For the exponents of historical tourism: the museum and the train doomsday.
El Calafate: the people of the glacier
The Perito Moreno glacier, the eighth wonder of the world, is located near El Calafate. This town is also area access to a multitude of icebergs that make Glacier National Park, and make it a privileged place in Argentina and the world. So much so that in 1981 UNESCO declared the whole Park “World Heritage”. The villa takes its name from the small tree “caulk”, typical of southern Patagonia. According to tradition, whoever eats caulker, back for more. According to reality who knows El Calafate, will not leave the place. Located 320 km from Rio Gallegos and on the southern shore of Lake Argentino in the Andes, El Calafate is a picturesque village, a haven of peace and greenery. It is also a major tourist center and from this point all circuits begin glaciers.